Dresden holds 15th
place among the cities of Germany, with a population of 515,613 people.
Dresden is situated in the south-eastern part of the Free State of
Saxony, which borders not only on other German states (Bavaria,
Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg), but also on the Czech
Republic and Poland.
The city is situated in a widening of the Elbe valley. The foothills of
the Eastern Erzgebirge Mountains, the Lusatian Granite Uplands and the
Elbe Sandstone Mountains characterise the surroundings of
the Saxon capital.
Dresden was severely hit by an air raid at the end of World War II; almost the entire historic city center was destroyed.
Dresden offers attractions in great variety. No book about the
history of Baroque architecture will miss to mention the Dresden
'Frauenkirche', the 'Semper' Opera House and Royal Palace - now all
rebuilt - are hallmarks of
the city. The angels from Raphael's 'The Sistine Madonna' at display at
Dresden’s art collection are well recognized throughout the world.
Dresden's promenades on the bank of the Elbe, the museums and
famous academic institutions and industrial monuments complete the
multidimensional face of Dresden.
Germany's climate is quite varied but mostly temperate or marine.
Extremes in temperature are rare. Summer temperatures are typically
between 20 and 30°C, with not infrequent rainfall during the summer.
Rapid changes make weather forecasts difficult. To be on the save side,
we suggest you take a sweater and protection against rain with you.
Founded on the site of a Slavonic fishing village as a merchants'
settlement and the seat of the local rulers, Dresden was from the 15th
century onwards residence of the Saxon dukes, electors and
The city experienced both times of splendor and times of tragedy. During the 18th century Dresden was a centre of European
politics, culture and economic development, and later become a example
for apocalyptic destruction and gradual reconstruction.
Because of its location in a relatively narrow river valley, Dresden's climate is much more like the weather of southern Germany
and is considerably warmer than most other places in eastern Germany. In 2002 Dresden was listed as
one of Europe's greenest major cities: a third of its area is covered by forested areas called 'Dresdner Heide'. The
Großer Garten (“big garden”) is the largest urban park within the city.
Dresden is an important center of sciences and is home to many research
institutions. The city is often refered to as the "Silicon
Valley of Germany" since numerous computer hard- and software companies
and other Hi-Tech comapnies opened offices and research facilities
in the region. The Dresden Technical University is one of the
world's oldest technical universities.