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Reuniones Anuales del Grupo Europeo de Huntington - EHDN 2008 - Lisboa -
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Lisboa es la capital de Portugal y está situada en la orilla norte del estuario del río Tajo, en la costa Atlántica de Europa. Es la ciudad más occidental de Europa y ofrece una gran variedad de opciones al visitante, incluyendo playas, campo, montañas y áreas de interés histórico.

El encanto de Lisboa descansa en su fuerte conexión con el pasado; palacios renovados, iglesias magníficas y un castillo impresionante reflejan el rico patrimonio cultural de la ciudad. Su mezcla de vecindades, la cultura y la arquitectura distinguen a esta capital de forma única de las otras capitales europeas.

: the Baixa, one of Lisboa’s busiest quarters; Alfama and Mouraria, the Alfama being one of the oldest quarters in Lisbon; Lisbon’s most traditional quarters are Bairro Alto and Madragoa which are characterised by cobbled streets: Bairro Alto is one of the most picturesque quarters in the city; Belém on the banks of the Tejo River offers unforgettable architectural highlights in Manueline style.
Construida sobre siete colinas entre el río Tajo, de Lisboa ofrece barrios coloridos para descubrir y para explorar: la Baixa, uno de los barrios más ocupados de Lisboa; Alfama y Mouraria, el Alfama que es uno de los más viejos cuartos de Lisboa; Los cuartos más tradicionales de Lisboa son alto y Madragoa de Bairro que son caracterizados por las calles cobbled: El alto de Bairro es uno de los cuartos más pintorescos de la ciudad; Belém en los bancos del río de Tejo ofrece puntos culminantes arquitectónicos inolvidables en el estilo de Manueline. Lisboa recibe una gran cantidad de museos notables del arte antiguo y moderno, incluyendo el museo de Calouste Gulbenkian, el Museo Nacional del arte contemporáneo, el museo nacional del coche, y el museo arqueológico de Carmen. Lisboa no es toda la cultura e historia; El alto de Bairro es un centro de la vida nocturna con los varios restaurantes y barras donde usted puede encontrar la música portuguesa tradicional, Fado. Historia Según leyendas, Lisboa fue fundada por Ulises. Lisboa más probable fue fundada por los Phoenicians y exhibe influencias árabes.
Built on seven hills on the River Tejo, Lisbon ofers colourful quarters to discover and explore: the Baixa, one of Lisboa’s busiest quarters; Alfama and Mouraria, the Alfama being one of the oldest quarters in Lisbon; Lisbon’s most traditional quarters are Bairro Alto and Madragoa which are characterised by cobbled streets: Bairro Alto is one of the most picturesque quarters in the city; Belém on the banks of the Tejo River offers unforgettable architectural highlights in Manueline style.

Lisbon hosts a great number of remarkable museums of ancient and modern art, including the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, National Museum of Contemporary Art, National Coach Museum, and Carmo Archaeological Museum. Lisbon is not all culture and history; Bairro Alto is a center of nightlife with various restaurants and bars where you can find the traditional Portuguese music, Fado.

History

According to legends, Lisbon was founded by Ulysses. Most likely Lisbon was founded by the Phoenicians and displays arabic influences.
 
After 450 years under the rule of the Moors, Christians reconquered Lisbon in the 12th century. It was only during the middle of the 13th century that Lisbon became the capital of Portugal.

The breakthrough for Portuguese expansion came in 1498 when Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route to India. This was indeed the beginning of a golden age, characterised by the Manueline architectural style named after King Manuel I, with its typical decorative use of maritime motifs. During the Portuguese Age of Discoveries, Lisbon became a spice and jewellery trade centre.

The city centre was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake in 1755 and rebuilt under the direction of the Marquise de Pombal. 

Climate


The influence of the Atlantic Ocean provides Lisbon with a pleasant climate throughout the year. The agreeable temperatures in the summer months are an open invitation for a walk by the river, or to spend an afternoon in one of the many street cafés to be found all over the city. Although the temperatures may fall somewhat in the autumn and winter months, sunshine is almost always a constant feature. In September the average temperature is: air 26°C and sea 19.5°C.

Currency

The currency in Portugal is the Euro. Foreign currency may be exchanged at banks, exchange offices and automatic teller machines.

Electricity

All sockets follow European standards. To use American-type plugs, a 220-volt transformer should be used together with an adapter plug.