|Annual Meetings of the European HD Network - EHDN 2008 - About Lisbon
Lisbon is the capital of Portugal and located on the north bank of the
Tagus Estuary, on the European Atlantic coast. It is the westernmost
city in continental Europe offering a variety of options to the
visitor, including beaches, countryside, mountains and areas of
The charm of Lisbon rests
in its strong links to the past; renovated palaces, magnificent churches and an
impressive castle mirror the city's rich cultural heritage. Its blend
of neighborhoods, culture and architecture distinguish this capital city
uniquely from the other European capitals.
on seven hills on the River Tejo, Lisbon ofers colourful quarters to
discover and explore: the Baixa, one of Lisboa’s
busiest quarters; Alfama and Mouraria, the Alfama being one of the
quarters in Lisbon; Lisbon’s most traditional quarters are Bairro Alto
and Madragoa which are characterised by cobbled streets: Bairro
Alto is one of the most picturesque quarters in the city; Belém on the
banks of the Tejo River offers unforgettable architectural highlights in Manueline style.
Lisbon hosts a great number of remarkable museums of ancient
and modern art, including the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, National
Museum of Contemporary Art, National Coach Museum, and Carmo
Archaeological Museum. Lisbon is not all culture and history;
Bairro Alto is a center of nightlife with various restaurants and
bars where you can find the traditional Portuguese music, Fado.History
According to legends,
Lisbon was founded by Ulysses. Most likely Lisbon was founded by the Phoenicians
and displays arabic influences.
After 450 years under the rule
of the Moors, Christians reconquered Lisbon in the
12th century. It was only during the middle of the 13th century that
the capital of Portugal.
The breakthrough for Portuguese
expansion came in 1498 when Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route to
India. This was indeed the beginning of a golden age, characterised by
the Manueline architectural style named after King Manuel I, with its
typical decorative use of maritime motifs. During the Portuguese Age of Discoveries,
Lisbon became a spice
and jewellery trade centre.
The city centre was almost
completely destroyed by an earthquake in 1755 and rebuilt under the direction of the Marquise
The influence of the Atlantic Ocean provides Lisbon with a pleasant climate
throughout the year. The agreeable temperatures in the summer months
are an open invitation for a walk by the river, or to spend an
afternoon in one of the many street cafés to be found all over the
city. Although the temperatures may fall somewhat in the autumn and
winter months, sunshine is almost always a constant feature. In
September the average temperature is: air 26°C and sea 19.5°C.
currency in Portugal is the Euro. Foreign currency may be
exchanged at banks, exchange offices and automatic teller machines.
sockets follow European standards. To use American-type plugs, a
220-volt transformer should be used together with an adapter plug.